[NOTE: This guidance pertains only to abstracts sent in response to a Request for Abstracts, not for submitted articles. For information on formatting an abstract for a submitted article, see our Abstract guidelines.]

Health Affairs abstract submission guidelines and requirements, and answers to Frequently Asked Questions

1. The abstract should include these elements:
    a. Title
    b. Author names and affiliations in the order in which they would appear        on a published byline. Include affiliations in parentheses following each        author's name; separate author names with commas; no hard returns        between authors/affiliations.
    c. Abstract
    d. Submitting author's contact information: Name, affiliation, phone         number, e-mail address

Additional formatting guidance

• Each element of the abstract submission should be separated by two hard returns and the elements of the submitting author's contact information should be separated by hard returns, but there should be no other hard returns in the document except as needed between paragraphs in the abstract.

• All text should be left justified, with a ragged right margin; no full justification, no centering of any text.

• Do not include descriptive names preceding the title, author list, or abstract, such as "proposed title," "list of authors," etc.

• Do not use any formatting, such as bold, italic, or underlined text.

• The document should be single spaced.

A properly formatted abstract will look like this (titles and names are fictionalized):

The rise and fall of managed care

Alice Smith (ABC University), John Adams (XYZ University), John Smith (Consulting Corporation)

Abstract text here.

Submitting author:
John Adams
XYZ University
Phone number
e-mail address

2. Your abstract should not exceed 500 words. This limit pertains only to the abstract text, not the title, author list, etc.

3. The deadline for abstract submissions is 11:59 pm eastern time on the specific date mentioned as the deadline in the request for abstracts. No exceptions will be allowed, and abstracts submitted after this time will not be considered.

4. You may use a "structured abstract" approach if that is appropriate, but this is not necessary.

5. Your abstract must be submitted as an editable word processing file, such as Word; we cannot accept PDFs.

6. Please make sure to include a proper document extension on your filename, such as .doc or .docx for Word documents, since we cannot easily open documents with no extension.

7. Your document should be "clean," meaning no track changes or comment bubbles visible.

8. Do not include exhibits (tables, graphs, maps, diagrams, etc.) with your abstract submission.

9. You may include references (these would be included against the 500 word count), but please do not use "auto numbering" features of your word processing software. You must manually enter the callouts and references.

10. No edits or revisions to your abstract will be permitted subsequent to submission unless they are requested by a member of the editorial staff.

11. The authors listed at the time the abstract is submitted does not restrict you from changing the author list at a later date, following completion of our review.

12. We will acknowledge receipt of all abstract submissions and will notify all authors of accepted abstracts of our decision; depending on volume, we may not be able to notify authors of decisions to decline. If you have not heard from us, please feel free to contact us.

13. Abstracts that do not follow the guidance above will be returned to the author and will only be considered if returned properly formatted by the deadline. Health Affairs cannot be held responsible for submission that miss the deadline due to deviations from style requirements.