October 21, 2009
12:01 a.m. Eastern Time
New Policy Brief Explores Health Insurance Reforms:
Should Congress Make The Insurance Market Work Better For Individuals And Small Businesses?
Bethesda, MD - Congress is debating provisions of health reform bills that would considerably revamp segments of the private health insurance market. Focused on health insurance for individuals and small businesses, the changes would end the commonplace practice in these parts of the insurance market of using health status to set premiums or deny coverage.
A new Health Policy Brief from Health Affairs and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation examines these proposed market reforms and new consumer protection measures. The provisions have won unprecedented support from both consumer advocates and, with some qualifications, from insurance industry leaders. But insurers remain concerned that inadequate penalties for enforcing a mandate on individuals to purchase coverage could keep millions uninsured. That, they say, could spur "adverse selection," in which only the sickest people would sign up for coverage, and would defeat the entire premise of insurance market reform.
The legislation adopted by three committees of the U.S. House of Representatives and two U.S. Senate committees all would impose new federal regulations on individual health insurance, as follows:
Supporters of these changes believe these reforms are essential to achieving universal coverage. Because almost everybody would be covered - and therefore in the insurance "pool" - the risks that a relative few could become sick would be spread across the far larger group of people who are likely to be healthy. Coverage would thus be far more affordable for millions.
On the other side are some who are opposed to greater federal regulation of health plans, or who have specific concerns about aspects of the proposed reforms. Some fear unintended consequences that could raise everyone's premiums. They say that these changes, coupled with other provisions of reform proposals, could actually make matters worse.
The free policy brief is geared to policymakers, congressional staffers, news media, and other readers who may not have a background in health issues but want to better understand the basics of proposed changes in the nation's health care system. The briefs provide jargon-free overviews that include arguments from competing sides of a policy proposal and the relevant research supporting each perspective.
ABOUT HEALTH AFFAIRS:
Health Affairs, published by Project HOPE, is the leading journal of health policy. The peer-reviewed journal appears bimonthly in print with additional online-only papers published weekly as Health Affairs Web Exclusives at www.healthaffairs.org.
©2009 Project HOPEThe People-to-People Health Foundation, Inc.